Jul 24 – 30, 2016
Highfield Campus, University of Southampton
Europe/London timezone

Spontaneous symmetry breaking induced by complex fermion determinant --- yet another success of the complex Langevin method

Jul 26, 2016, 3:40 PM
Building 32 Room 1015 (Highfield Campus, University of Southampton)

Building 32 Room 1015

Highfield Campus, University of Southampton

Talk Nonzero Temperature and Density Nonzero Temperature and Density


Dr Yuta Ito (KEK)


In many interesting systems, the fermion determinant becomes complex and its phase plays a crucial role in the determination of the vacuum. For instance, in finite density QCD at low temperature and high density, exotic fermion condensates are conjectured to form due to such effects. When one applies the complex Langevin method to such a complex action system naively, one cannot obtain the correct results because of the singular-drift problem associated with the appearance of small eigenvalues of the Dirac operator. Here we propose to add a fermion bilinear term to the action to avoid this problem and extrapolate its coefficient to zero. We test this idea in an SO(4)-invariant matrix model with a Gaussian action and a complex fermion determinant, whose phase is expected to induce the spontaneous breaking of the SO(4) symmetry. Our results agree well with the previous results obtained by the Gaussian expansion method.

Primary author

Dr Yuta Ito (KEK)


Prof. Jun Nishimura (KEK,SOKENDAI)

Presentation materials